India is considered as the hub of many traditional dance forms and music. Bharatanatyam is one of the ancient Indian classical dance form derived from the temples in Tamil Nadu. Bharatanatyam Dance is famous for its charm, expressions, postures etc. and it is said to be a mixture of certain elements like Natya, Tala, Raga and Bhava.
The story behind the origin of Bharatanatyam dance is quite interesting. It is believed that the gods and goddesses requested lord ‘Brahma’ to create a fifth veda, which will be easy for common people to grasp quickly. As per the request, lord ‘Brahma’ extracted essential information from all the other vedas and created the ‘Panchamaveda’ that is the ‘Natyaveda’. After that lord ‘Brahma’ assigned sage Bharatha to promote this veda on earth and as a result of this, sage Bharatha wrote Natyashastra, which is considered as the ultimate guide of Indian classical dance.
Bharatanatyam is divided into three main stages called Nritta, Nritya and Natya. Nritta is mainly associated with body movements along with dancing rhythm. Nritya associates both expressions and dancing rhythm. It explains the story with the help of postures, gestures and facial expressions. Natya deals with the dramatic elements in the act. Body movements, facial expressions, hand gestures, footwork, costumes, music etc. are some of the major facets of Bharatanatyam.
The main attraction of Bharatanatyam is its uniqueness. Since every movements and expressions holds certain meaning, you need to watch each steps carefully in order to understand its meaning.
The primary theme of Bharatanatyam is love and you can see different versions of love such as love towards god, mother’s love towards child etc. in each performance. Success of a Bharatanatyam performer depends on 3 factors like movement, costumes and music. Movements and music plays very crucial role in Bharatanatyam because those two are the essential elements that conveys the meaning to the audience.
Bharatanatyam is performed by both male and female. ‘Dasi Attam’ was one of the oldest versions of Bharatanatyam, which was performed by temple dancers called ‘Devadasis’ in South Indian temples. But later when the situation has changed, the dance form also undergone timely modifications and additions. During the first half of 19th century, most of the Bharatanatyam lessons were revised and many professionals contributed their own styles and techniques to make it simpler.
Most of the Bharatanatyam teachers on UrbanPro.com may have strong background of Bharatanatyam or any other form of classical dances and majority of them make it as a profession because of their interest in passing the knowledge to others. There are many universities in India and abroad which offer degree, diploma or certificate courses in Bharatanatyam. Also, most of the famous Bharatanatyam professionals own Bharatanatyam institutes and schools across the country and they aims to provide extensive training in Bharatanatyam.